What Is Trait Approach of Performance Appraisal?


 Performance Appraisal



A trait is a distinguishing feature or characteristic:
1. Ranking Method
This method involves giving ranks to the employees depending upon their possession or absence of a particular trait say consistency.
2. Paired comparison
Here two people are compared with each other on certain predetermined traits like decision making ability, vision, foresight etc.
3. Grading
Here the raters predefine the various types of grades like excellent, very good, good, average, poor etc.. Subsequently the employees are graded according to the presence of that trait in them.
4. Graphic rating scales
This test enables the rater to find out varying degree of particular characteristic in the employees. It can be co-operation i.e. ability and willingness to work with others, initiative .
5. Forced choice rating
Here the rater has to select a statement which is most descriptive of the employee. For example :The employee is hardworking
6. Critical Incidence method
Here a critical incidence or incidences that occurred in the organisation are found out and how the employee responded to those situations are used to evaluate and rate the person.


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