‘Politics’ is the practice and theory of influencing other people on a civic or individual level.
Modern political discourse focuses on democracy and the relationship between people and politics. It is thought of as the way people choose government officials and make decisions about public policy.
India is the largest democracy in the world. India has the biggest number of people with franchise rights and the largest number of political parties, which take part in election campaign. In the 1996 national elections, almost 600 million people voted and an average of 26 candidates competed for each of the 543 territorial constituency seats.
Elections are held at different levels. The two major election levels are at national level, after which the national government is established and at state level after which the state government is established. Elections are also held for city, town and village councils.
There are different political issues in Indian politics. Some are national level and some regional level. Some communities just demand more economical and social rights for their communities. While others demand more autonomy for their cultures within the Indian states. Some demanded autonomous states within the Indian Union, while the others demanded to be independent from India.
Terrorism, Naxalism, religious violence and caste-related violence are important issues that affect the political environment of the Indian nation.
With all its problems India survives as a single state with democratic character. But a number of political problems still exist and remain unsolved in India.
– By Pratiksha Trivedi
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