A Strategic International Alliance (SIA) is a business relationship established by two or more companies to cooperate out of mutual need and to share risk in achieving a common objective.
It is an agreement between companies that is of strategic importance to one or both companies’ competitive viability. Strategy refers to the means to fulfill company’s objectives. In every day business, the term ‘strategic alliance’ is generally used to describe a wide variety of collaborations, irrespective of strategic importance. In a strategic alliance, a firm could establish relationships with organization that have the potential to add values. Bench marking, re-engineering, outsourcing, merger and acquisition are examples of strategic alliance.
On the basis of structure, strategic alliances can be classified into equity based and non- equity based.
Non-equity based alliances such as licensing agreements, marketing agreements, technology transfer agreements etc. are found to be more dynamic, constructive and strategic. The scope of strategic alliance ranges from Research and Development to distribution.