FM Prelims 1

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Notes:- 1. Solve all questions

  1. Solve any 2 questions from Q 1- Q4

Q 1 A. The following information is available for a company. Prepare a cash budget for Jan-March

Month Sales Wages Other indirect expenses Factory over heads
Nov 210000 42000 10000 5000
Dec 225000 43000 11000 4500
Jan 300000 44000 13200 3500
Feb 275000 41000 14000 6500
Mar 250000 39000 10000 7800
Apr 270000 42000 8500 8200
  • Cash balance on 31st Dec was Rs 100000
  • 10% sales are cash sales after a discount of 5%. The rest comes in 3 equal installments in the subsequent 3 month
  • Purchases are all cash purchase which is equaling to 20% of the sales of the respective month
  • Wages and other indirect expenses are paid with a lag of 1 week. Factory expenses are to be paid next month
  • A commission of 10% of the cash sales is paid after 2 months of the actual receipt of the sales (7.5 marks)

 

1 b. A company currently sells 10000 units @ 50 Rs per product and the variable cost is Rs 30 per product. The fixed cost amount to 1 lacs. The company currently sells the products @ 1 month credit, bad debt chances are 1%. Cost of funds is 12 percent. The company is looking at a more liberal policy of 3 month credit. The sales would increase by 10 percent and the other details would remain same.  Advice the company (7.5 marks)

 

1.c. What are the executive functions of finance manager (7.5 marks)

 

 

 

 

Q2 A.  A company has currently an ordinary share capital of Rs 25lacs consisting of 25,000 shares of Rs 100 each. The company wishes to raise 20 lacs under the four plans.

  1. Entire through equity shares
  2. Rs 10 lacs through equity and balance via debt @ 8% per annum
  3. Rs 5 lacs through shares and Rs 15 lacs through debt @ 9% per annum
  4. Rs 10 lacs through equity capital and the balance via preference shares carrying 5% dividend.

The EBIT of the company would be Rs 8 lacs. Tax rate 50%. Compute the EPS and the financial leverage. (7.5 marks)

Q 2 B. A project which the company proposes to undertake would cost the company Rs 1 crs. The company would be financing the same by equity-debt-preference ratio of 3:5:2. Post tax cost of equity, debt and preference are 12,9,14 percent respectively. The project would earn the company an IRR of 13 percent. Is it advisable to take the project (7.5 marks)

OR

Q 2c. A machine A has an investment of Rs 5 lacs with scrap value of Rs 1 lacs. Depreciation charged on WDV at 20% per annum. The profit after tax figures for 5 years are 35,000; 50,000; 75,000; 80,000 and 90,000. At 12% discounting factor find out whether the machine is worth investing or no.

 

Q 3 A. Following information is available for a company for 1 year

Sales 3650000
consumption of material 2007500
labour 730000
OH 547500
Profit 365000
  1. Stock of material would be equal to 75 days of consumption
  2. Stock of finished goods equal to 45 days
  3. Credit allowed to debtors 60 days
  4. Credit from suppliers 50 days
  5. Time lag in payment of labor and OH is 15 days
  6. Cash 52500 to be maintained. 20% sales are cash. Compute the amount of working capital required (7.5 marks)

 

Q 3 B Study the following balance sheet and advice the company as to what price it should look at to sell itself. PE is 3.45. EBIT is 1,00,000. Tax rate is 30%

Liabilities Amount Assets Amount
Equity (FV 10) 200000 Fixed asset 150000
14% bank loan 300000 Goodwill 50000
10% preference shares 100000 Investments 500000
Current liabilities 400000 Current assets 300000

 

Q 3 C. Make the income statement and compute all the leverages and comment on the each company (7.5 marks)

  P Q R
Units sold 5000 5500 7500
Selling price 50 55 40
PV Ratio 20% 20% 25%
Fixed cost 10000 15000 20000
Debt 50000 40000 45000
Interest rate 10% 12% 10%
Tax rate 30% 30% 30%

 

Q 4. A. What are the factors determining the working capital requirement of a company (7.5 marks)

Q 4 B. Explain long term sources of raising finance (7.5 marks)

Q4 C. A company is deciding amongst the following 3 machines. Tax rate is 40% cost of capital is 10%. Scrap value of M1, M2, M3 would be 40000, 25000, 30000 respectively with useful life of 4 years. Other details is given in the table. Compute payback period, ARR, NPV (7.5 marks)

 

Particulars M1 M2 M3
Investment 300000 300000 300000
Annual Sales 500000 400000 450000
Materials 40000 50000 48000
Labour 50000 30000 36000
Overheads 60000 50000 58000
Admin 20000 10000 15000
Selling exp 10000 10000 10000

 

Q 5. A company has Rs 10 lacs which it wants to deploy. It is considering 2 machines and 1 investment proposition in a capital market scheme.(15 marks)

  Machine 1 Machine 2
Original value 500000 600000
Scrap value 100000 100000
Depreciation SLM WDV (20%)
Life 5 years 5 years
Annual PAT 100000 120000

The capital market investment requires Rs 5 lacs in the first year and then annual after tax inflow would be 15% in the first 2 years and then 30% for the next 5 years. Cost of funds is 10%. The value of annuity of Re 1 @ [email protected] at the end of 5 yrs is 3.065. evaluate which options the company should choose.

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Education Qualification: BMS- N M College (University Rank Holder) PGDBM- Sydenham College M Com- College topper Mr Vipin Saboo has been associated with the following institutes as a visiting faculty Lords college, Malad Patkar College, Goregoan Saraf college, Malad Dalmia college, Malad St Andrews College, Bandra Wilson College, Grant Road Thakur college, Kandivili L N College, Kandivili N K College, Malad Dhanukar College, Vile Parle St Xaviers College, Marine Lines Shroff College, Kandivili KES College, Khar Mr.Vipin Saboo also has more than 5 years of industry expertise with corporate like CRISIL, Motilal Oswal Investment Banking and Yes Bank. Mr. Saboo has also published a text book on Logistics and Supply Chain Management for TYBMS Students.
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