Q. What are the modern sources and techniques of Recruitment?
Ans. The modern sources of Recruitment are:
1. Employee Referrals: Present employees are well aware of the qualifications, attitudes, experience and emotions of their friends and relatives. They are also aware of the job requirements and organizational culture of their company. As such they can make preliminary judgment regarding the match between the job and their friends and relatives.
2. Campus Recruitment: These candidates are directly recruited by the Co; from their college/educational institution. They are inexperienced as far as work experience is concerned.
3 Private Employment Agencies/Consultants: Public employment agencies or consultants like ABC Consultants inIndia perform recruitment functions on behalf of a client company by charging fees. Line managers are relieved from recruitment functions and can concentrate on operational activities.
4 Public Employment Exchanges: The Government set up Public Employment Exchanges in the country to provide information about vacancies to the candidates and to help the organization in finding out suitable candidates. As per the Employment Exchange act 1959, makes it obligatory for public sector and private sector enterprises inIndia to fill certain types of vacancies through public employment exchanges.
5. Professional Organizations: Professional organizations or associations maintain complete bio-data of their members and provide the same to various organizations on requisition. They act as an exchange between their members and recruiting firm.
6 Data Banks: The management can collect the bio-data of the candidates from different sources like Employment Exchange, Educational Training Institutes, candidates etc and feed them in the computer. It will become another source and the co can get the particulars as and when required.
7 Casual Applicants: Depending on the image of the organization its prompt response participation of the organization in the local activities, level of unemployment, candidates apply casually for jobs through mail or handover the application in the Personnel dept. This would be a suitable source for temporary and lower level jobs.
8 Similar Organizations: Generally experienced candidates are available in organizations producing similar products or are engaged in similar business. The Management can get potential candidates from this source.
9. Trade Unions: Generally unemployed or underemployed persons or employees seeking change in employment put a word to the trade union leaders with a view to getting suitable employment due to latter rapport with the management.
10.Walk In: The busy organization and rapid changing companies do not find time to perform various functions of recruitment. Therefore they advise the potential candidates to attend for an interview directly and without a prior application on a specified date, time and at a specified place.
11.Consult In: the busy and dynamic companies encourage the potential job seekers to approach them personally and consult them regarding the jobs. The companies select the suitable candidates and advise the company regarding the filling up of the positions. Head hunters are also called search consultants.
12.Body Shopping: Professional organizations and the hi-tech training develop the pool of human resource for the possible employment. The prospective employers contact these organizations to recruit the candidates. Otherwise the organizations themselves approach the prospective employers to place their human resources. These professional and training institutions are called body shoppers and these activities are known as body shopping. The body shopping is used mostly for computer professionals. Body shopping is also known as employee leasing activity.
13.Mergers and Acquisitions: Business alliances like acquisitions, mergers and take over help in getting human resources. In addition the companies do also alliances in sharing their human resource on adhoc basis.
14.E_recruitment: The technological revolution in telecommunications helped the organizations to use internet as a source of recruitment. Organizations advertise the job vacancies through the world wide wed (www). The job seekers send their applications through e-mail using the internet.
15.Outsourcing: Some organizations recently started developing human resource pool by employing the candidates for them. These organizations do not utilize the human resources; instead they supply HRs to various companies based on their needs on temporary or ad-hoc basis.
Techniques of Recruitment:
Recruitment techniques are the means or media by which management contacts prospective employees or provide necessary information or exchanges ideas in order to stimulate them to apply for jobs. Management uses different types of techniques to stimulate internal and external candidates.
Techniques of Recruitment are divided into two viz Traditional and Modern:
|Traditional Techniques||Modern Techniques|
|Transfers||Salary & Perks|
Traditional Techniques of Recruitment:
- Promotions: Most of the internal candidates would be stimulated to take up higher responsibilities and express their willingness to be engaged in the higher level jobs if the management gives them the assurance that they will be promoted to the next higher level.
- Transfers: employees will be stimulated to work in the new sections or places if the management wishes to transfer them to the places of their choice.
- Advertising: Advertising is a widely accepted technique of recruitment, though it mostly provides one way communication. It provides the candidates in different sources, the information about the job and company and stimulates them to apply for jobs. It includes advertising through different media like newspapers, magazines of all kind, television etc. The technique of advertising should aim at attracting attention of the prospective candidates ii) creating and maintaining interest and stimulating action by the candidates.
Management in order to achieve these objectives of advertising has to:
– Analyse job requirements
– Decide who does what
– Write the copy
– Design the advertisement
– Plan and select the media and
– Evaluate response.
Modern Techniques of Recruitment:
- Scouting: Scouting means sending the representation of the organizations to various sources of recruitment with a view to persuading or stimulating the candidates to apply for jobs. The representatives provide information about the company and exchange information and ideas and clarify the doubts of the candidates.
- Salary and Perks: Companies stimulate the prospective candidates by offering higher level salary, more perks, quick promotions etc.
- ESOP’s: Companies recently started stimulating the employees by offering stock ownership to the employees through their Employees Stock Ownership Programmes (ESOPs)
ESOP AT ALCATEL
Alcatel, the first every global stock option programme has received the highest percentage of subscriptions fromIndia. 84% of the Indian employees have taken up the offer. The stock option plan covered 50 countries and almost 60,000/- put of the total 1.2lakh employees participated in the plan. Alcatel offered 2.25 million shares and 9 million stock options under the programme. For each share subscribed, the employee had the right of four stock options and they were allowed to invest upto one fourth of the gross annual salary. ESOP stimulated may candidates to seek jobs in ALCATEL.