Teaching hours and Assessment Pattern of Natural Resources and Management:

  1. No. of sessions of 90 minutes – 30
  2. No. of sessions of 90 minutes per week – 2
  3. Continuous Assessment – 40 I A
  4. Semester End Examination – 60 I A
  5. Total marks – 100
  6. Duration of theory paper – 3
  7. No. of credits – 2


The topics covered in Unit 1 are as follows:

  1. Introduction to Natural Resources
  2. Classification of natural resources
  3. List of natural resources
  4. Values of natural resources
  5. Demands on natural resources
  6. Population, lifestyle and natural resources
  7. Impact of poor natural resource management


The topics covered in Unit 2 are as follows:

  1. Land resources,
  2. Land: Definition,
  3. Land use pattern in India,
  4. Waste Land: Types,
  5. Desertification: Definition- Causes and impacts.


The topics covered in Unit 3 are as follows:

  1. Water resources,
  2. Hydrological cycle,
  3. Surface water,
  4. Ground water,
  5. Dams: uses and impacts on environment
  6. Marine resources: Biotic and abiotic resources


The topics covered in Unit 4 are as follows:

  1. Living resources,
  2. Agriculture – type of cultivation
  3. High yielding varieties,
  4. HYV chemicals, fertilizers and their impacts,
  5. Microbes – useful and harmful bacteria in soil, water, air,
  6. Fungi – Beneficial and Harmful


The topics covered in Unit 5 are as follows:

  1. Forest and Mineral Resources,
  2. Forest produce – food, fodder, fuel wood,
  3. Fiber – Timber – minerals – metal and non-metal resources,
  4. Non-conventional energy resources.


The list of reference books for the subject is as follows:

  1. Bali, S (2000) Land Resource Management in India. Souvenir of International Conference on Land Resource management for food, employment and environmental security, 9 – 13 November, 2000. Organized by Soil Conversation Society of India. Pp 29-48.
  2. Department of Land Resources (2000) Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, New Delhi
  3. Kovda, V.A. (1977) Arid Land Irrigation and soil fertility: Problems of salinity, alkalinity, compaction. In Arid Land irrigation in developing countries: Environmental problems and effects. Ed., by E. Barton Worthington. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
  4. Agarwal, K.M., Sikdar, P.K., Deb., S.C. (2005) A Text Book of Environment, Macmillan India Limited.

SYBMS syllabus

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