Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) is an enormous $20 billion which aims to improvise the urban living space with appropriate political support & planning, building a more efficient civic management in top cities of India. This Urbanization scheme is launched by the Government of India under Ministry Of Development & was inaugurated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 3rd December, 2005. This mission aims at relatively increasing the socio-economic status of living and improving better infrastructure and upgrading their strategy with wit various amendments. It also aims to provide Basic Services to Urban Poor (BSUP) which will help strengthen the municipal governance in that district.
In Accordance to the survey in 2011, this mission strives to improve the standards in rural areas where 70% of India’s population resides. India is embarked to be the next super power but the urban cities in India are not growing in an unplanned manner. This is mainly because of the increase of rural population shifting to the cities, which is caused due to agricultural problems. Due to these problems the villagers set up their slums and dwelling facilities within the city which puts breaks on its development in the long run. Since the cities in India account for only 50% of GDP growth of the country, Municipal authorities & other Urban Local Bodies believe that is time for them to change their existing strategies for growth. This project emphasizes on transparency & accountability throughout every project development which is implemented in the city.
This mission is broken down into 2 sub missions:
1) Urban Infrastructure and Governance – This mission will be administered by the Ministry Of Urban Development, which will focus entirely on solid waste management, road network, water supply & sanitation.
2) Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) – This mission will be administered by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation which will focus on how slums from particular areas can be removed or they can be developed.
This Scheme is going to be implemented over a duration of 7years, commencing from December 2005 and will ensure long-term development in the metropolitan cities across the country. The main objectives of this mission lie in the infrastructural development to secure the connection between asset management & asset creation. They also have to secure the funding concept which will be implied to meet the infrastructure requirement in these cities. Planning has to be ensured in cities which include semi-developed cities & urban corridors so that urbanization takes place in a dispersed manner. This will ensure to clear out the problem of congestion through upgrading the semi-urban areas.
State-level agencies help in the forwarding of grants or soft-loans which are provided by the Central or State Governments which are to be used for development strategies. This project strongly aims at public-private partnerships recovery of cost for the service providers by themselves. The grant received from the Central Governments is generally 50-80% depending on the amount of expenditure & space to be acquired in that particular city.