Chairman is the person who is elected to preside over the meeting and conduct the proceeding of the meeting.


According to section 175, a meeting cannot proceed to transact any business without electing a chairman.

Who shall be the chairman?

A chairman is usually a member of the body over which he is to preside.

In case of a company: the Articles usually name the chairman of the board of directors to preside over the general meetings.

If the article is silent, then a chairman is elected from among the members present.

Procedure of election: u/s. 175(1) a chairman may be elected by show of hands.

Section 175(2) provides that if a poll is demand then, the chairman shall be elected by poll.


  1. The chairman presides over the meeting
  2. He conducts the proceeding of the meeting
  3. He must decide questions arising out at the meeting
  4. He gives reasonable chance to the members to discuss any proposed resolution.
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