Stages of group development


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  • Mutual Acceptance

The very first stage of a group development is called “Mutual Acceptance”. During this stage, the members of the group get familiar with one another and check, which inter-personal behavior is acceptable and which is unacceptable by the other members of the group. This helps all the members of a group to know each other better and helps the group to move to the next stage easily.

  • Communication and Decision-making

The second stage of group development is “Communication and Decision-making”. During this stage, group members share their opinions and formulate the group’s goals. Through communication and decision-making, the structure becomes clear and the group moves to the third stage.

  • Motivation and Productivity

The third stage is “Motivation and Productivity”, which is characterized by a shared acceptance among members of what the group is trying to do. Each person recognizes and accepts his role as well as to accept and to understand the roles to others. Members also become more comfortable with each other and develop a sense of group identity and unity.

  • Control and Organization

The fourth stage is “Control and Organization”, in which the members perform the roles they have accepted and direct their group efforts toward goal attainment. In reality, this developmental sequence varies from group to group, depending on the time, personal characteristics of group members and frequency of interaction.


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