Chapter 8:- Materials Handling System



Concept:- Thus Material Handling does not add value to product; it only increase its cost.



Hoists:- Are devices, which move materials vertically and horizontally in a limited area. Examples are Air Hoists, electric hoists and chain hoists.


Principles of Material Handling:-


1)    Planning


2)    Standardization


3)    Work Principle


4)    Ergonomic Principle:


Economics is the science that seeks to adapt work or working conditions to suit the abilities of the worker. Material Handling & equipment should be Human friendly.


5) Unit load Principle:


A unit load is one that can be stored or moved as a single unit at one time. The size of cartons or package should be uniform which helps in handling propose.


6) Space Utilization:


The space of facility location should be used at optimal capacity.


7)    Systems


8)    Automation


9)    Environment


10) Life Cycle Cost 


Methods / Systems in Plant Movement of Materials: 1) Manual Labour:-


In this method, the workload is solely dependent on the labour.


2) Mechanized Transport:-


This method involves both manual efforts, mechanize work.


3) Automation:-


The method substitute the human requirements in process by electricity. Computerized system is an aspect of automated system.



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