Chapter 8:- Materials Handling System

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Concept:- Thus Material Handling does not add value to product; it only increase its cost.

 

 

Hoists:- Are devices, which move materials vertically and horizontally in a limited area. Examples are Air Hoists, electric hoists and chain hoists.

 

Principles of Material Handling:-

 

1)    Planning

 

2)    Standardization

 

3)    Work Principle

 

4)    Ergonomic Principle:

 

Economics is the science that seeks to adapt work or working conditions to suit the abilities of the worker. Material Handling & equipment should be Human friendly.

 

5) Unit load Principle:

 

A unit load is one that can be stored or moved as a single unit at one time. The size of cartons or package should be uniform which helps in handling propose.

 

6) Space Utilization:

 

The space of facility location should be used at optimal capacity.

 

7)    Systems

 

8)    Automation

 

9)    Environment

 

10) Life Cycle Cost 

 

Methods / Systems in Plant Movement of Materials: 1) Manual Labour:-

 

In this method, the workload is solely dependent on the labour.

 

2) Mechanized Transport:-

 

This method involves both manual efforts, mechanize work.

 

3) Automation:-

 

The method substitute the human requirements in process by electricity. Computerized system is an aspect of automated system.

 

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