Leadership Assumptions



Douglas McGregor Motivational Theory X, Theory Y


Theory X– Managers assume that people generally dislike work and wish to avoid responsibility. They believe that most people prefer to be directed and they want safety above all. People are motivated by money, benefits, and fear of punishment.


Theory Y – Managers assume that people want to use their capacities and energies to their fullest extend, at work and at play, and under the right conditions will not only accept by seek responsibility.  People can be self-directed and creative at work.

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