Effect of Ecological Imbalance on Land
Land pollution is the by-product of rapid and unplanned industrial progress and over population. The land is polluted with the dumping of solid wastes generated in the household and industrial units. The common soil pollutants are
- Domestic wastes (e.g. kitchen garbage, household rubbish, bottles, tin cans, plastic materials, rags, waste paper, sewage, etc.)
- Industrial wastes (e.g. slag, fly-ash, lime sludge, metal scarps, plastics, chemical effluents, etc.)
- Pollutants washed down from the atmosphere
- Pesticides and other biocides
- Synthetic fertilizers
- Agricultural chemicals.
Consequences of land pollution.
- Loss of soil fertility due to the effect of acids, alkalies, insecticides, fungicides, etc.
- The essential soil organisms may be killed.
- Soil becomes toxic for plant growth.
- Quality of agricultural soil is affected.