One of the main problems of a manufacturer is damages that could be caused to the goods during loading and unloading and time consumed in these activities. They constantly look for solution to reduce these problems. One of the methods of doing so is that of combining packages into unit. This leads itself to mechanical handling and reduces the number of handlings, which the package would have. Literally speaking, in unitization the products are grouped together in cartons, bags and barrels for handling efficiency. But specifically, the containers used to group individual products are called master cartons. When these master cartons are grouped together it is called unitization. For e.g., pears comes in a box. This is called the individual package. But it is delivered to the dealer in a combined package of 100 or more soap. This is called master cartons. These master cartons are then grouped together in a box, by some rope etc. to form one unit for shipment purposes. This is called unitization.
- Unloading time and congestion at destination are minimized.
- Product shipped in unit load quantities facilitates materials handling.
- Unit loads utilize approximately one-fifth the time required for manual loading or unloading.
- Inbound shipment verification is also simplified as more utitized inbound shipments are bar coded.
- Inventory damage is reduced by unit load shipping and specilalized transportation equipment.
Unitizing Lead to :
1. Utilizing leads economy due to movement of large units instead of small units.
2. It leads to Safety because the goods are protected by two or three packaging.
3. It increases the speed of material handling because the mechanized material handing system can be used.
4. Unitizing decrease the damage to the material.
5. Unitizing decreases the damage to the material.
6. It protects against environmental variable.
7. Efficient utilization of space.
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