1) In a system theory there is an active exchange between internal environment of the organization & external environment
2) All open system are input-throughput-output mechanisms. Systems take inputs from the inputs from environment in the form of energy, information, money, people, raw materials & so on. They do something to the inputs via throughput, conversion or transformation processes that changes the inputs & they export products to the environment in the form of outputs.
3) Each of these three system processes must work well if the system is to be effective & survive.
4) Every system is delineated by a boundary. What is inside a boundary is the system & what is outside is the boundary is the environment. Boundaries of open system are permeable, in that they permit exchange of information, resources & energy between system & environment
5) Open systems have purposes & goals. These purposes must align with purposes or needs in the environment. For example the organization’s purposes will be reflected in the outputs & if the environment does not want these outputs, the organization will cease to exist


6) The law of entropy states that al systems “run down” & disintegrates integrate unless they reverse the entropic process by importing more energy than they use. Organizations achieve negative entropy when they are able to exchange their outputs for enough inputs to keep the system from running down.
7) Information is important to systems in several ways. Feedback is information from the environment about system performance. System requires two types of feedback: positive & negative. Negative feedback is also known as deviation-correcting feedback
8) An open system achieves a steady state of against a disruptive force, either internal or external. The basic principle is the preservation of the character of the system.
9) Also a system tend to get more elaborated, differentiated, specialised & complex over time.; this process is called as “differentiation”. With increased differentiation, increased integration & coordination are necessary.
10) Another characteristic of the open system is equinfinality, the principle that there are multiple ways to arrive at a particular outcome or state.
11) Subsystems exist within larger systems. These subsystems can be arranged into a hierarchy of systems moving from less important to more important.

12) The characteristics of open systems explain many phenomena, we observe in organizations.
a. Why do organizations resist change?
i. A desire to preserve the character of the system: the steady state.
b. Why does plan “A” fail & fail again then succeed?
i. Equifinality
c. Why do organizations become increasingly bureaucratic & complex?
i. Differentiation, with its attendant integration & coordination.
d. Why does business go bankrupt?
i. Inability to create negative entropy.

The following two tabs change content below.
We, at BMS.co.in, believe in sharing knowledge and giving quality information to our BMS students. We are here to provide and update you with every details required by you BMSites! If you want to join us, please mail to [email protected]
  1. … [Trackback]

    […] Here you can find 85253 more Information to that Topic: bms.co.in/open-closed-system-of-decision-making/ […]

  2. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More Info here on that Topic: bms.co.in/open-closed-system-of-decision-making/ […]

  3. world war 2 stories 3 months ago

    … [Trackback]

    […] Info to that Topic: bms.co.in/open-closed-system-of-decision-making/ […]

  4. … [Trackback]

    […] Read More Info here to that Topic: bms.co.in/open-closed-system-of-decision-making/ […]

  5. opera singers 2 months ago

    … [Trackback]

    […] Find More on to that Topic: bms.co.in/open-closed-system-of-decision-making/ […]

  6. qftbiha 2 months ago

    rumours in no chaperone <a href="[Link deleted]cialis online If one oversight doesn’t veiled

  7. Zfpjbn atnppy <a href="[Link deleted]cialis online safely cialis 20

  8. discount cialis 1 month ago

    Wvpjie pdfnio <a href="[Link deleted]generic cialis online generic cialis online

  9. generic cialis 2019 1 month ago

    Rmfdyg xaipli <a href="[Link deleted]viagra online cialis on line

  10. generic cialis india 1 month ago

    Ugtuqj tqkcee <a href="[Link deleted]essay writing service online cialis

  11. Tvtbul npsbts <a href="[Link deleted]school essay writing service how to get cialis

  12. cialis for sale 1 month ago

    Glkfyn sgeann <a href="[Link deleted]overnight shipping generic cialis

  13. levitra vs cialis 1 month ago

    Zxayaa dsljlv <a href="[Link deleted]or cialis buy cialis

  14. where to buy cialis 1 month ago

    Hbxfwa auilmo <a href="[Link deleted]pharmacy online cialis price walmart

  15. Pcqobv mrgsja <a href="[Link deleted]generic cialis cialis without a prescription

  16. … [Trackback]

    […] There you will find 69226 additional Information on that Topic: bms.co.in/open-closed-system-of-decision-making/ […]

  17. Free viagra 4 weeks ago

    Ypwzdk vjtxob <a href="[Link deleted]online order Buy branded viagra

  18. US viagra sales 4 weeks ago

    Mutqls ypwjzt <a href="[Link deleted]viagra on line Cost of viagra

  19. Cost viagra 4 weeks ago

    Ehwszn inropw <a href="[Link deleted]is viagra generic Drug viagra

  20. Cost of viagra 4 weeks ago

    Psjgzu gpwrgc <a href="[Link deleted]jelly Rx generic viagra

  21. Discount viagra 4 weeks ago

    Choivx gzlxda <a href="[Link deleted]no rx viagra US viagra sales

  22. Mgbluk izzvde <a href="[Link deleted]pharmacy viagra How to get some viagra

  23. Canada viagra generic 3 weeks ago

    Rqauii hnqkao <a href="[Link deleted]viagra us Canadian healthcare viagra

  24. Get viagra 3 weeks ago

    Heemsa qfdshn <a href="[Link deleted]viagra online Canadian pharmacy viagra

  25. EstherKef 3 weeks ago

    Lypdjz kgvypd <a href="[Link deleted]viagra Generic viagra canada

  26. seo prutser 3 weeks ago

    … [Trackback]

    […] Read More to that Topic: bms.co.in/open-closed-system-of-decision-making/ […]

  27. wongkito4d 2 weeks ago

    … [Trackback]

    […] Read More here to that Topic: bms.co.in/open-closed-system-of-decision-making/ […]

  28. Wtmonf newcsg <a href="[Link deleted]medications erectile dysfunction pills

  29. online ed pills 1 week ago

    Iefnyr vldebu <a href="[Link deleted]pills online pills for ed

  30. impotence pills 6 days ago

    Qsbtis hhswew <a href="[Link deleted]for ed best non prescription ed pills

  31. Zhureo dfnajo <a href="[Link deleted]dysfunction pills erectile dysfunction medicines

  32. ed pills otc 2 days ago

    Hyvbzi uvorhk <a href="[Link deleted]will cialis be generic buy ed pills online

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *



BMS.co.in is aimed at revolutionising Bachelors in Management Studies education, also known as BMS for students appearing for BMS exams across all states of India. We provide free study material, 100s of tutorials with worked examples, past papers, tips, tricks for BMS exams, we are creating a digital learning library.

Disclaimer: We are not affiliated with any university or government body in anyway.

©2020 BMS - Bachelor of Management Studies Community 

A Management Paradise Venture

Ask Us On WhatsApp

Log in with your credentials


Forgot your details?


Create Account