Promotion of employees from lower positions to higher positions is one aspect of personnel policy management. Employees are given promotions as Per certain well defined rules and procedures. Such promotions are necessary when vacancies occur at the higher level due to retirement, resignation or transfer of employees. Promotions are normally given in business enterprises and also in banks and government departments. They are given to workers as well as to supervisory staff and managers.


Industrial workers are given promotions to higher posts and positions as and when vacancies are available or when new posts are created at the higher level. Pigors and Myers define the term “promotion” as “the advancement of an employee to a better job”. Better job, here, means a job which entails greater responsibilities and higher status. Internal promotion is a better policy as compared to direct recruitment at the higher level posts. Promotion is rightly described as “advancement within an organisation”.

Internal promotions are necessary as they provide opportunities for advancement to employees and also for filing vacancies at higher levels. Promotion acts as an incentive for self development through training and active interest in the work assigned. It is an essential feature of an individual’s career’ It is an advancement in an organisation.

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