•Container is large rectangular box into which a firm places commodities to be shipped.
•After initial loading, the commodities themselves are not rehandled until they are unloaded at their final destinations.
•Throughout the movement, the carrier handles the container, not the commodities.
•The shipper can transfer the container from one mode to another, eliminating the need to handle the commodities each time thus reducing handling costs, damage costs, theft, pilferage and the time required to complete the modal transfer.
•Many firms that modify their material handling systems to include cranes, forklift trucks, and other equipment capable of handling large, heavy containers have found containerization to be desirable avenues for increasing productivity and controlling material handling costs, especially in periods of continually increasing labour costs.
•As the objective of intermodal transport system is to provide virtually seamless journey, the best way to achieve same is to use modular or unitized loads.
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