Classical Management Theories


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Classical Management Theories focused on the efficiency of the workforce with little regard for the human element.
a. Scientific management theorists include:
• Frederick W. Taylor was known as the father of Scientific Management, the emphasis was efficiency. His belief was that management should plan, select, train, and control, while workers should perform.
• Lillian and Frank Gilbreth followed Taylor’s approach. They developed a system for classifying hand motions into 18 elements known as therblig.
• Henry L. Gantt became concerned with the human side; he developed the Gantt chart in 1917.
• William H. Leffingwell applied principles to office work in his book Scientific Office Management.
b. Administrative management focused on what good managers do:
• It was originated by Henri Fayol in his book General and Administrative Management. He set forth a list of 14 principles.
• Max Weber described ideal organization as a bureaucracy.

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We, at BMS.co.in, believe in sharing knowledge and giving quality information to our BMS students. We are here to provide and update you with every details required by you BMSites! If you want to join us, please mail to contact@bms.co.in.

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