1. Three categories of managers stand out with regard to ethical and moral principles in business affairs:
a. The moral manager – Moral managers are dedicated to high standards of ethical behavior, both in their own actions and in their expectations of how the company’s business is to be conducted.
b. The immoral manager – Immoral managers are actively opposed to ethical behavior in business and willfully ignore ethical principles in their decision making.
c. The amoral manager – Amoral managers appear in two forms: the intentionally amoral manager and the unintentionally amoral manager. Intentionally amoral managers consciously believe business and ethics are not to be mixed because different rules apply in business versus other realms of life. Unintentionally amoral managers do not pay much attention to the concept of business ethics either, but for different reasons. They are simply causal about, careless about, or inattentive to the fact that certain kinds of business decisions or company activities have deleterious effects on others – in short, they are simply blind to the ethical dimension of decisions and business actions.
2. Many business professors have noted there are considerable numbers of amoral business students in classrooms. So efforts to root out business corruption and implant high ethical principles into the managerial process of crafting and executing strategy is unlikely to produce an ethically strong global business climate anytime in the near future, barring major effort.