Industrial Disputes Act 1947 specifies the following as unfair labor practices


  • To interfere, restrain, coerce workmen in the exercise of their right to organize, form, join or assist a trade union.
  • Threatening workmen with discharge or dismissal
  • Threatening of lockout or closure
  • Granting wage increases to undermine trade union efforts
  • To dominate, interfere with or support financially or socially by taking active interest in forming own trade union, and
  • Showing partiality or granting favor to one of several trade unions to a non-recognized trade union
  • To establish employer sponsored trade unions
  • To encourage or discourage memberships in any trade union by discriminating workman by punishing or discharging, changing seniority ratings, refuse promotions, giving unmerited promotions, discharging union office bearers
  • To discharge or dismiss workmen by victimizing, not in good faith, implicating in criminal case, for patently false reasons
  • To abolish work of a regular nature
  • To transfer workmen
  • To show favoritism or partiality
  • To replace workers
  • To recruit workmen during legal strikes
  • To indulge in acts of violence or force
  • To refuse collective bargaining
  • Proposing and continuing lockouts



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