Penal Interest and Additional Interest (Priority Sector):
Penal interest is charged over and above the regular / applicable interest rate of the borrower when the borrower fails to comply with one or more stipulated terms and conditions without any explicit approval / concurrence of appropriate authority. Bank also charges additional interest over and above applicable / regular interest for any adhoc credit facilities, disbursement of credit facilities pending compliance of certain terms and conditions. The additional or penal interest rates are stipulated to act respectively to cover additional risk horizon and a punitive measure for disciplining the borrower with intention to deter the borrowers from remaining non-compliant. The bank shall levy penal and additional interest as follows:
i. No penal interest shall be charged for advances under priority sector up to a certain amount.
ii. For advances over that amount the bank shall charge overall penal and additional interest upto 2% p.a. over the applicable / regular interest rate.
iii. The zonal heads of the Banks will be authorized to waive/relax levy of penal/additional interest in respect of borrowers accounts falling upto their sanctioning powers.
iv. The Chairman and Managing Director / Executive Director may consider to waive / relax levy of penal / additional interest in other accounts on case specific merits.
Penal rate is charged for pre-payment of the loan in certain case. For committing default in payment of installment of term loan, penal rate charged varies from 1% to 3% and for working capital it is 2%. In case of delay in paying installments, a penal interest of 2% is charged on the default amount. Penal interest rate is charged if the borrower does not give installment on time or commits default in submitting the stock statement. The penal rate charged is normally 2%. Financial institutions levy a penal interest on the borrowers who default on interest payment in spite of having the ability to pay.
Rebate: Financial institutions may grant a rebate in the interest payment to borrowers who are willing to pay but do not have the ability to pay.
Waive: Financial institutions may also waive off some part of the interest payment to borrowers who are not in a sound financial position.
There is concessional rate offered for the people in backward areas and also the norms relating to the sanctioning of the loan are also relaxed.
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