Prof. Butler has viewed the functions as:
- a process of social change
- a peace treaty between two parties
- a system of industrial jurisprudence
Collective bargaining as a process of social change
Collective bargaining enhances the status of the working class in the society. Wage earners have enhanced their social and economic position in relation to other groups.
Employers have also retained high power and dignity through collective bargaining.
Collective bargaining as a peace treaty
Collective bargaining serves as a peace treat between the employers and employees. However the settlement between the two parties is a compromise.
Collective bargaining as an industrial jurisprudence
Collective bargaining creates a system of “Industrial Jurisprudence”. It is a method of introducing civil rights into industry. It establishes rules which define and restrict the traditional authority exercised by employers over their employees placing part of the authority under joint control of union and management.
In addition to the above, its functions include:
- Increasing the economic strength to employers and employers.
- Improving working conditions and fair wages.
- Maintaining peace in industry
- Prompt and fair redressel of grievances.
- Promoting stability and prosperity of the industry.