Stress is a reality of our everyday life. There are both positive and negative stresses that come from our work and non-work lives. As pointed out by Near. Rice, and Hunt (1980) and Sckaran (1986), among others, the work and non-work domains of one’s life are closely interrelated. The stresses and strains experienced in one domain are carried over to the other. Thus, if one experiences stress at work, that stress will be carried over to the home.
One major source of job stress is the job itself. The way the job is designed, the amount of time pressure an individual faces and the amount of expectations others have of a person at work can all lead to job stress. Interpersonal relationships are a second source of job stress. How much contact an individual has with coworkers and managers, how much time he or she deals with clients or consumers, and how pleasant those interactions are all influences of how much stress an individual experiences at work. Third source is problems in personal lives, which can spill over into the work environment, adding further tension to an already stressful work situation.