Physical world and measurement – Fundamental and derived units, systems of units, dimensional formula and dimensional equations, Accuracy and error in measurement.
Description of motion – motion in one dimension, uniformly accelerated motion, motion with uniform velocity/Acceleration in two dimensions, motion of an object in three dimensions, relative velocity.
Vectors – Scalar and vector quantities, unit vector, addition and multiplication.
Laws of motion – first, second and third law of motion, impulse, momentum, conservation of linear momentum.
Friction – Types of friction, laws of friction, lubrication.
Work, Energy and Power – Work done by a constant / variable force, K.E., P.E., Elastic collision in one and two dimensions, gravitational P.E., P.E. of a spring, conservation of energy, conservative and non-conservative forces, power.
Rotational motion – Centre of mass, its motion, rotational motion, Torque, angular momentum, centripetal force, circular motion, moment of inertia, theorems of M.I., Rolling motion.
Oscillatory motion – Periodic motion, S.H.M. its equation, K.E. and P.E., concept of free, forced and damped oscillations, simple pendulum, oscillation of a loaded spring.
Gravitation – Universal law of gravitation, g, variation of g, orbital and escape velocity, planetary motion, Kepler’s law.
Elasticity – Hook’s law, young’s modulus, bulk modulus and shear modulus of rigidity. Applications of elastic behaviour of matter.
Surface tension – Fluid pressure, Pascal’s law, Archiemedes principle, molecular theory of surface
|tension, Excess of pressure inside a drop and soap bubble, angle of contact, Capalarity, Detergents.|
Kinetic theory of gases – Laws for gases, Ideal gas equation, Assumptions of Kinetic theory of gases, Pressure exerted by a gas, Law of equipartition of energy, Degree of freedom, Specific heats of gases and solids, Mean free path.
Heat and thermodynamics – Concept of Heat and temperature, Temp. Scales, Thermal expansion of solid, liquid and gases, specific heat, change of state, latent heat, Thermal capacity, Zeroth & first law of thermodynamics, thermodynamic process, second law of thermodynamics, carnot engine.
Radiation – Modes of transmission of heat, thermal conductivity, Thermal radiations, Perfect blackbody, Newton’s law of cooling.
Waves – Type of waves, wave equation, speed of a progressive wave, superposition principle, beats, stationary waves and normal modes, Doppler’s effect.
Ray optics and optical instruments – Laws of reflection, Reflection by plane and curved mirrors, Laws of refraction, total internal refraction – applications, Lenses, Image formation by lenses, Dispersion by prism, Sattering of light, Eye, Defects of vision, Microscopes, Telescopes.
Electrostatics – Coulomb’s law, electric field and potential due to a point charge and Dipole, concept of Dielectic, Gauss theorem – its applications, Electric lines of force, Force and torque experience by a dipole in uniform electric field, potential energy of a system of charges, equipotential surfaces.
Capacitance – Capacity of an isolated spherical conductor, capacitor – principle, Parallel plate capacitors, effect of dielectric on capacitance, series and parallel combinations of Capacitors, Energy of a Capacitor, van de graff generator.
Current Electricity – Ohm’s Law, Temperature dependence of resistance, colour code of resistors, series and parallel combination of resistors, resistivity, primary and secondary cells and their combination in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, wheat stone bridge and potentiometer – their applications, electrical energy and power.
Magnetism and magnetic effect of current – Natural and man made magnet, magnetic lines of force, Bar magnet, magnetism and gauss law, magnetic moment, Torque on a magnetic dipole, magnetic field, magnetic induction, magnetic intensity, permeability, susceptibility & Intensity of magnetisation – their relations. Curie Law, Hysterisis, B-H curve. Classification of magnetic materials. Magnetic force, motion in the magnetic field, Biot – Savarts law, magnetic field by a straight Conductor & Circular Current Carrying Coil, Ampere’s Circuital law, Solenoid, Toroid, Moving Coil Galvanometer, Ammeter, Voltmeter.
Electromagnetic Induction – Faraday’s Law, Lenz’s Law, Self Induction, Mutual Induction, Electric Generators.
Alternating Current – Mean and rms value of A.C., A.C. Circuit Containing resistance, Inductance and Capacitance, Series resonant Circuit, Q factor, Average power in A.C., Wattless Current, L C oscillations, transformer.
Wave Optics – Huygen’s principle – reflection and refraction, Interference of light, young’s double slit experiment, Diffraction of light, Single slit diffraction, resolving power of optical instruments, polarisation of light, law of malus. Polarization by reflection and scattering.
Photoelectric effect and matter waves – Einstein’s Photoelectric equation, Photocell, matter waves, Debroglie’s hypothesis, Davison and Germer’s experiment.
Solids and semi conductor devices – Energy band in solids, Semi conductor, P-N Junction, Diodes, Diode as an rectifier, Special purpose p-n junction diodes, Junction transistor, Logic gates, integrated circuit.
Electromagnetic Waves and Communication – Displacement current, Electromagnetic Waves-Source, nature. Electromagnetic spectrum, Elements of a communication system, Bandwidth of signals and transmission medium, Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Production and detection of an AM wave.