Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow:

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46. The dominant modern belief is that the soundest foundation of peace would be universal prosperity. One may look in vain for historical evidence that the rich have regularly been more peaceful than the poor, but then it an be argued that they have never felt secure against the poor; that their aggressiveness stemmed from fear; and that the situation would be quite different if everybody were rich.

It can be inferred from the above passage that

(a) a lot of aggression in the world stems from the desire of the haves to defend themselves against the have-nots.

(b) universal prosperity as a foolproof measure of peace can no longer be accepted.

(c) Both a and b.

(d) Neither a nor b.

 

47. The effect produced on the mind by travelling depends entirely on the mind of the traveller and on the way in which he conducts himself. The chief idea of one very common type of traveller is to see as many objects of interest as he possibly can. If he can only after his return home say that he has seen such and such a temple, castle, picture gallery, or museum, he is perfectly satisfied. Far different is the effect of travels upon those who leave their country with mind prepared by culture to feel intelligent admiration for all the beauties of nature and art to be found in foreign lands. When they visit a new place, instead of hurrying from temple to museum to picture gallery, they allow the spirit of the place to sink into their minds, and only visit such monuments as the time they have at their disposal allows them to contemplate without irreverent haste.

It can be inferred from the above passage that

(a) the writer prefers the second type of traveller.

(b) the first type of traveller is the lay traveller who does not understand the worth of any place he travels to.

(c) the objective of the second type of traveller is not to see much, but to see well.

(d) All of the above.

 

48. Whether we look at the intrinsic value of our literature, or at the particular situation of this country, we shall see the strongest reason to think that of all foreign tongues the English tongue is that which would be the most useful to our native subjects.

It can be inferred that

(a) the speaker is a die-hard colonist.

(b) the speaker has the good of the nation at heart.

(c) the speaker is addressing an issue related to a colonial empire.

(d) None of the above.

 

49. Where the film Bombay loses out is where every commercial film congenitally goes awry – becoming too simplistic to address serious issues and failing to translate real life to reel.

Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

(a) The film’s director aimed at recreating real life on the silver screen.

(b) The film was too simplistic for the audience’s taste.

(c) The film was successful in spite of its shortcomings.

(d) None of the above.

 

50. Aspiration is nothing new. Neither is the debate over what the Indian middle class is, what it wants and what it buys. Since the mid-80s, that has been the focus of the economic policy papers so called pro and anti-poor budgets and marketing strategies that have successfully broken the barrier of urban selling and reached deeper into rural India with increasing income levels and aspirations.

Based on the above passage it can be inferred that

(a) The Indian middle class has been the focus of economic policies for a long time.

(b) The Indian middle class has graduated from being the ‘deprived’ middle class to the ‘pampered’ middle class.

(c) Both a and b.

(d) Neither a nor b.

 

Answers:

46 (a)
47 (c)
48 (d)
49 (d)
50 (a)

 

46. The passage states that the rich have never felt secure against the poor and their aggressiveness stemmed from fear of the poor.

47. The passage states that the second kind of traveler visit only such monuments as the time at their disposal allows them to contemplate without irreverent haste.

48. None of the given options are supported by the passage.

49. The passage supports none of the given options.

50. The Indian middle class, what it wants and what it buys has been the focus of economic policies since the mid 80s.

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