• Advanced Research Projects NETwork.
  • The Department of Defense wanted a network that could survive nuclear attack.

ARPANET designed with two assumptions:

  • Designed with the assumption that the network would be unreliable, so had to be able to automatically route around problems.
  • Designed so that all computers on the network would be equal in their ability to communicate.


  • Quickly became an international network.
  • Peer to peer networking philosophy copied into other networks.
  • Vince Cerf and Bob Kahn wrote the protocols that became the standard computer communication language, allowing different computer networks to be linked.
  • In 1990 ARPANET was disbanded and the ARPANET infrastructure became the Internet!
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